Makalu Expedition (8463m) is the fifth tallest mountain on earth. It lies in the northeast region of Nepal, close to Mt.Everest and Mt.Lhotse. Makalu is impressive because its perfect pyramid structure with four sharp ridges makes this mountain all the more spectacular. Makalu means the Great Black One, so called due to its dark, brooding appearance. Makalu is one of the more complicated and technical eight-thousanders and is considered one of the most challenging mountains in the world. Makalu expeditions are arduous because the mountain is notorious for its steep pitches and knife-edged ridges that make climbing Makalu very open to the elements. The final ascent of the summit pyramid involves technical rock climbing. While there have been many a Makalu expedition, it is the only Nepalese 8,000m peak that has yet to climb in winter.
An American team made the first attempt at Makalu in 1954, but it failed to reach the top of Makalu. Finally, for the first time in 1955, a French expedition team reached the top of Mt. Makalu. Out of the first sixteen attempts, only five were successful then.